Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) | Nationwide Emergency Farm Grant
The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) is a USDA program offering $16 billion in direct payments to ranchers and farmers to support their operations. Cattle and other livestock are eligible for CFAP payments. Of the $16 billion, there is $5.1 billion set aside specifically for cattle. These are direct payments that you will receive and do not need to be repaid. The purpose of CFAP is to support the economic viability of our ranches and farms and help sustain our agricultural system in the face of these challenging times.
A limit of $125,000 per commodity and $250,000 maximum per operation. However, agricultural operations that are a limited partnership, limited liability company, or corporation can receive up to $750,000.
Who can apply?
Ranchers and farmers in the United States that have suffered a 5% or greater price decline because of COVID-19. Other considerations are marketing difficulties because of coronavirus and shipping difficulties because of the pandemic. You will need an updated Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) form on file with your FSA office. Documentation of your AGI is needed for the 2015, 2016 and 2017 tax years.
Livestock eligible for CFAP include cattle, hogs, and sheep. Specifically, eligible cattle are the following:
- Feeder Cattle (<600 lbs.)
- Feeder Cattle (> 600 lbs.)
- Slaughter Cattle: Fed Cattle
- Slaughter Cattle: Mature Cattle
- All Other Cattle (not including livestock used, or intended for, dairy production).
What is CFAP for?
Payments are for ranchers and farmers that have suffered direct income losses on their operation because of coronavirus.
How much will I receive?
Funds received depend on your cattle and operation. The payment amount is calculated based on the number of cattle sold between January 15 and April 15, 2020 and multiplied by payment rates per head. Your Farm Service Agency (FSA) office can walk you through the payment process and calculations. You can find the payment rates for feeder and slaughter cattle based on weight here: https://www.farmers.gov/cfap/livestock.
Crops are also eligible for CFAP; if you are raising corn, soybeans or other crops on your ranch they are also eligible for CFAP payments. Your FSA office can provide more details and at https://www.farmers.gov/cfap/non-specialty.
Successful applicants will receive 80% of their payment once their application is approved, and then the remainder will come in a second payment.
Application Period: Begins May 26, 2020
Applications are being accepted by scanning, emailing or faxing from May 26th through August 28th. You will need to apply through your local FSA office. Prepare ahead of time by reviewing the components of the application at https://www.farmers.gov/cfap.
You can locate your FSA office here: https://offices.sc.egov.usda.gov/locator/appand contact them by phone or email if you have questions about the program or application.
What information will they ask for on the application?
You will need to provide the following information on your application:
- Name, address, tax number, and other personal details
- Information about your farm operating structure
- Adjusted Gross Income certification
- Conservation plan for your land
- An account for your payment direct deposit
Forms are available for all of these on the CFAP website. You may already have some of these on file with your FSA office, but if not, start filling them out to facilitate the process.